By Parkway Podiatry
January 14, 2016
Category: Podiatry
Tags: Bunions  

While they can appear to be more of a cosmetic problem than anything else, bunions can also be quite painful. They can also lead to other foot problems like hammer toes, inflammation at the ball of the foot (Metatarsalgia), and bursitis. The most common sign of a bunion is a large, protruding bump at the joint of the affected foot, with the big toe curving inward at an angle towards the rest of the Bunions toes.

What Causes Bunions?

Bunions form when pressure is disproportionately applied to the joint in the foot. Factors like anatomy, heredity, and arthritis, which can cause people to shift their weight to avoid pain in other parts of the legs and feet, can lead to the formation of bunions. While conservative treatments can help to alleviate symptoms and to adjust the alignment of the big toe, surgery (bunionectomy) is sometimes necessary to help correct the problem.

Signs, Symptoms, and Risk Factors for Bunions

In addition to the telltale bump protruding from the base of the big toe on the affected foot, bunions can also cause:

  • Pain and soreness
  • Swelling and redness
  • Calluses, corns, and thickening of the skin at the base of the toe
  • Mobility problems in the affected toe
  • Affected foot can no longer fit into regular shoe size
How are bunions treated?

Treatment will typically depend on the severity and size of the bunion, and how responsive it is to conservative treatments, such as padding and taping the foot to correct alignment of the toe, ice, and medication. In more advanced cases, surgery is used to remove any damaged tissue, and to help realign the position of the bone and connective tissue around the joint.

Can bunions be prevented?

While some cases result from uncontrollable factors such as heredity or defects of the joint in the foot, there are certain steps that can be taken to ensure proper alignment, and to minimize added stress on the joint, such as wearing comfortable, appropriately sized shoes, and orthotic insoles when necessary.

Contact a Podiatrist in Brooklyn

To learn more about bunion treatment options and relief from foot pain, contact Parkway Podiatry in Brooklyn at(718) 236-5253 to schedule an appointment today!